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What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Periodontal (gum) illness is an infection of the tissues that maintain your teeth in place. It is sometimes brought on by poor brushing and flossing habits that permit plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to construct upon the teeth and harden. In superior phases, periodontal illness can result in sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing issues; and even tooth loss.



Signs of gum illness including:

  • Bad breath that can’t go away
  • Painful chewing
  • Unfastened teeth
  • Delicate teeth
  • Receding gums or longer showing teeth
  • Crimson or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums



Our mouths are filled with bacteria. These bacteria, together with mucus and different particles, always type a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing assist do away with plaque. Plaque that’s not eliminated can harden and type “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clear. Solely knowledgeable cleansing by a dentist or dental hygienist can take away tartar.

There is a selection of threat elements for gum illness, however, smoking is probably the most vital. Smoking can also make a remedy for gum illness much less profitable. Different threat elements including diabetes; hormonal modifications in women and girls; diabetes; medicines that reduce the move of saliva; sure diseases, corresponding to AIDS, and their medicines; and genetic susceptibility.

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At a dental go to, a dentist or dental hygienist will:

  • Study your gums and notice any indicators of irritation.
  • Use a tiny ruler referred to as a “probe” to test for and measure any pockets across the teeth. In a healthy mouth, the depth of those pockets is normally between 1 and three millimeters. This takes a look at pocket depth. The procedure is normally painless.
  • Ask about your medical historical past to determine situations or threat elements (corresponding to smoking or diabetes) which will contribute to gum illness.

The dental skilled may additionally:

  • Take an x-ray to see whether or not there may be any bone loss.
  • Refer you to a periodontist. Periodontists are specialists within the analysis and remedy of gum illness and should offer you remedy choices that aren’t provided by your dentist.



The primary purpose of the remedy is to regulate an infection. The quantity and kinds of remedy will fluctuate, relying on the extent of the gum illness. Any kind of remedy requires that the affected person sustain good each daycare at the house. The dentist may additionally recommend altering sure behaviors, corresponding to quitting smoking, as a means to enhance your remedy outcomes.


Useful Ideas

You may maintain your gums’ and teeth’s health by:

  • Quitting smoking.
  • Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Flossing usually to take away plaque from between teeth. Or, you need to use a tool corresponding to a particular brush, wood or plastic decide, or a “water flosser” beneficial by a dental skilled.
  • Visiting the dentist routinely for a check-up and professional cleaning.



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